“To receive the instruction of wisdom, justice, and judgment, and equity” (Proverbs 1:3).
The instruction of verse 2 comes from four basic sources: wisdom, justice, judgment, and equity. In verse 3 the Hebrew word translated “wisdom” is sakal, which means to be circumspect and hence insightful.
Justice, from the Hebrew tsedek, is the ability to discern what is right. Human reasoning is deceptive in determining what is right and what is wrong.
Judgment has to do with a verdict rendered. Judgment is the enacting of justice, or the pronouncement of justice.
Equity speaks of evenness or straightness. The implication is that equity is evenhanded judgment based upon true justice.